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Acne Dermatologist

Guide to acne prevention and treatment.
 

 

Acne Dermatologist Overview

Acne which is also known as acne vulgaris is a common skin condition that causes spots. The condition can vary from mild to severe and affects the skin of your face, back, shoulder and chest. This article provides a comprehensive insight from an acne dermatologist to enable you gain a better perspective on what it is, symptoms, causes and misconceptions associated with the causes.

Acne starts at around puberty and ends five years later, in seven out of every 10 people. The condition is rare in the later life. The condition starts to develop when hair follicles in your skin become blocked with sebum and dead face skin cells. It’s vital to note that acne is not infectious and hence you can’t catch or pas it to other people. Due to high genetic predisposition in the western world, the condition is common during puberty. The condition is considered as an abnormal body response to normal level of hormone testosterone. This response tends to diminish over time in most people hence acne tends to reduce or disappear once individuals hit their early twenties. However, there isn’t a way to depict how long the condition will continue. As such, some individuals may suffer from acne for decades and beyond. It is such cases that merit the intervention of an acne dermatologist.

How acne are form.

Complications of Acne

While most people have mild acne which clears off after their teenage years, sometimes severe complications do occur for those with moderate or severe acne. These include:

  • Scarring – Two in ten people with acne have scars which are noticeable. Picking and squeezing your spots increases the chances of developing scars.
  • Hyperpigmentation – The skin tends to get darker in the areas affected by acne. This is usually noticeable especially if you have a dark skin tone.
  • Psychological problems – Acne can lead to low self-esteem. It’s therefore essential that you talk to your acne dermatologist if your acne is making you feel particularly low. This is mostly problematic as it mostly attacks teenagers who are socially insecure.

Symptoms Of Acne

Common acne is the most common form of acne. Excessive secretion of oils from the sebaceous gland combined with the naturally occurring dead face skin cells block the hair follicles. In some instances, there appears to be a faulty keratinization process in the skin which leads to abnormal shedding of skin lining the pores. The build-up of oil secretions beneath the blocked pore provides a friendly environment for Propionibacterium acnes, a skin bacteria to multiply uncontrollably. In response to this, skin inflammation produces visible lesions. The typical pus filled swellings acne lesions produced are:

  • Camedones
  • Papules
  • Pustules
  • Nodules
  • Inflammatory cysts

The non-inflammation sebaceous cysts, commonly known as epidermoid cysts which occur either alone or together with acne although it’s not a constant feature. After the acne lesions have subsided, unsightly scars in some instances may remain.

Causes of Acne

The reason as to why some people get acne and others don’t is not fully known. There are various factors which have been linked to acne:

  • Hormonal activity-during menstrual and pregnancy cycles or during puberty.
  • Stress which cause adrenal glands to increase output of hormones.
  • Hyperactive sebaceous glands Accumulation of dead cells on skin surface.
  • Bacteria in the hair follicle pores, to which the body becomes “allergic”.
  • Anabolic steroids medical usage.
  • Medications containing androgens, halogens (Bromides, iodides and chlorides), lithium, or barbiturates.
  • Skin irritations which tend to activate inflammation.
  • Exposure to high levels of chlorine compounds especially Chlorinated dioxins which can cause severe, long lasting acne known as Chlorache.

Traditionally, most attention was given to the hormone driven over-production of sebum as the main contributing factor of acne. Recently, the attention has shifted to follicle channel as the second main contributing factor. While the development of acne in later years is uncommon, acne in adults is associated with underlying conditions including pregnancy and disorders such as polycystic ovary syndrome or the rare Cushing’s syndrome.

While we understand that acne can be a frustrating problem especially for adults, this site will provide you an insight of acne including various advices, prevention and successful treatment by acne dermatologist.

Posted by Pete Shwoon - July 28, 2013 at 6:23 am